How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay

in College Essay Tips

How to Write a Compare and Contrast EssayEssay writing is a skill that can be mastered by using a correct format. Learning how to write a compare and contrast essay requires essay writers to follow firm format guidelines. A well-structured format will also help writers organize their thoughts creating a natural flow for the reader to understand the topic. In fact, a well-formatted essay is going to write itself.

Compare and contrast essay need writers to evaluate similarities and differences between two topics. Sometimes, the assignment requires writers to address similarities between the two topics. In contrast, a writer may only write about the differences between the two topics. Nevertheless, compare and contrast essay format is standard across all themes. Usually, there are three types of formats. All of these patterns consist of an introduction, body, and a conclusion.

1. Whole-to-Whole (Block Arrangement)
2. Point-by-Point (Alternating Arrangement)
3. Similarities-to-Differences

1. Whole-to-Whole (Block Arrangement)

Introduction

The first part of the essay contains an introduction where you should be able to tell readers about what you intend to write about? For example, if the assignment requires you to find major differences between the United States and China, then this is the section to provide an overview. Make sure that the introduction is short and concise. This section should only contain your thesis statement because you will have plenty to say in the following sections.

Body

Section I: In this section, you will write about only one topic. For example, you can write about some of the major features of the United States not present in China. Make sure that you only discuss a single topic and refrain from mentioning anything about China.

Section II: This is the section to talk about China and how does it differ from the United States. This is the section to talk about China only.

Section III: Once you have discussed the two topics individually, it is time to analyze both topics together. This section provides you the opportunity to discuss differences that you have highlighted in the preceding sections.

Conclusion

This is a short paragraph where you reaffirm your statements. This is also the section to bring everything together.

2. Point-by-Point (Alternating Arrangement)

Introduction:

As its name implies, Point-by-Point arrangement differs from block arrangement in the sense that the writer talks about both topics at the same time. The topics are broken down into different segments. For example, you can talk about the differences between the United States and China on the basis of politics, economy, and culture.

Compare and contrast essay outline remains the same. It is the section where you tell readers about your topic and what are you going to discuss? Try to keep the introduction short.

Body

Section I:

Discuss the differences in Politics.

Section II

Explain how The United States and China have a different economy.

Section III

Write about the cultural differences between the two nations.

Conclusion

This is a short paragraph where you reaffirm your statements. This is also the section to bring everything together.

3. Similarities-to-Differences

Sometimes you will have to write an essay where the subject requires the essay writer to explain similarities and differences between the two topics. In this case, you can select either of the two previous formats and instead of just writing about the differences, also include similarities.

Using While-to-Whole format

Introduction: Introduce the topic.

Body

Section I: In this section the writer talks about similarities between the two topics.

Section II: This section is devoted to the discussion about differences between the two topics.

Section III: This is the section to discuss similarities and differences, together.

Conclusion: Wrap up your discussion.

Using Point-by-Point Arrangement

Introduction: Introduce the topic.

Body

Section I: In this section the writer talks about differences and similarities of Politics in the United States and China.

Section II: This section is devoted to the discussion about similarities and differences in the economies of the United States and China.

Section III: This is the section to discuss similarities and differences between the cultures of the two countries.

Conclusion: Wrap up your discussion.

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